Chile/ 8.3 Arts and cultural education  

8.3.2 Arts in schools

The Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) is responsible for defining the content of the National Curriculum for Chile’s education system. In content for art education, the main regulations are laid out in the Curricular Bases, Fundamental Objectives and Minimum Required Content for each age level in the system (pre-school, primary, secondary education), they are the following:

-        Curricular bases for Primary School Education – Music (MINEDUC, 2013b).

-        Curricular Bases for Primary School Education – Visual Arts (MINEDUC, 2013a).

-        Fundamental Objectives and Minimum Required Content for secondary school levels I to IV – Art Education: Visual Arts (MINEDUC, 2005b).

-        Fundamental Objectives and Minimum Required Content for secondary School levels I to IV – Art Education: Musical Arts (MINEDUC, 2005a).

It is certainly worth mentioning that secondary school in Chile operates under different modes of differential education, art education being one of them. In Chile there are 47 schools for art education, of which 37 offering the curriculum actually deliver on the formal guidelines written by MINEDUC (CNCA, 2011v). Specific curricular indications for art schools in Chile are the following:

-        Fundamental End Objectives of Differential Art Education in 3rd and 4th year secondary school. Objectives and Additional Content for Primary and First and Second year Secondary School (MINEDUC, 2007).

In the same fashion regarding cultural heritage, there are curricular bases for education in indigenous languages, all present in the following documents:

-        Curricular Outline Indigenous language 1st to 6th year Primary School (MINEDUC, 2009a).

-        Curricular Outline Indigenous language 7th to 8th year Primary School (MINEDUC, 2009b).

For more detailed information on the art education curriculum in Chile we recommend you visit the following website: www.curriculumenlineamineduc.cl.

In the same manner the National Council of Culture and Arts has various initiatives currently in motion related to the promotion of art education, complementary to the curricular fundamentals established by MINEDUC. Among those programs the following standout:

-        ACCIONA Program: the previous program OKUPA basically led to the creation of this program which is focused on stimulating and promoting creativity in pre-school, primary and secondary school students. Implemented within the framework of a full school day in municipal establishments and private subsidized institutions. The objective is to improve the quality of education by developing creativity, cultural and artistic training, and the development of socio-affective abilities in students. It is developed via workshops imparted by artists or traditional practitioners and teachers through these mediated initiatives between school establishments and local cultural institutions. For more information on the ACCIONA program we recommend you visit the following website: http://www.cultura.gob.cl/programas/sobre-acciona/

-        “Nucleo de Educación artística” Program: stimulates the forming of a link between art education and the pertinent agents of the education system, civil society, cultural institutions and the academic world. This highlights art education as an integrated development tool for children and adolescents. The program implements training in teaching and creativity for teachers all over the country and promotes the development of a virtual learning community. For more information on this program we recommend you visit the following website: http://www.cultura.gob.cl/programas/nucleo/.

-        Promoting Art in Education Grant Fund (FAE): has the objective of financing educational and artistic projects in specialized art schools, art education in establishments that actively encourage artistic expression and culture in their general curriculum, and in non-profit institutions that promote art and culture in informal education. For more information on FAE we recommend you visit the following website: http://www.cultura.gob.cl/programas/fae/.


Chapter published: 28-12-2013


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