Chile/ 3.4 International cultural co-operation  

3.4.1 Overview of main structures and trends

The bill that formed the National Committee for Culture and the Arts defines among its functions three tasks linked to cultural international cooperation:

-       To develop and encourage the capabilities of cultural management at international, national, regional and local levels.

-       To propose means of developing the cultural industries and the placement of their commodities as much on the internal national market as internationally.

-       To develop the cooperation and technical consultancy and dialogue with corporations, foundations and other private organisations whose objectives are related to those of the National Committee, establishing relationships with them for the execution of projects of activities in the interests of both parties.

-       To design cultural policies that are to be implemented at an international level, exploring, establishing and developing international links and relationships in the cultural sphere, all of which should be coordinated with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Additionally, Política Cultural 2011-2016 identifies the following objectives and proposals related to the international sphere:

-       Objective 3: To strengthen and bring up-to-date regulations relating to arts and culture.

Target 3.1: Regulations relating to cultural artistic activities are adapted to and brought up-to-date according to the needs of different sector. National and international legislation are brought into line. Pending ratifications of international conventions are lobbied for.

-       Objective 4. To contribute to the placement of cultural artistic goods and services at an international level 

Target 4.1. Opportunities are generated for international exposure of Chilean artists.

Target 4.2            Networks are developed in order to promote and internationalise culture and its commodities.

Target 4.3            Cultural-artistic manifestations, products, commodities and services are promoted and supported in neighbouring countries.

Objective 13. To ensure that intangible cultural heritage is valued and safeguarded.

Target 13.1          The design and execution of strategies leading to the investigation, identification, recuperation and dissemination of intangible cultural heritage.

Strategy 102: To promote and disseminate international treaties in relation to the indigenous peoples in matters related to culture and intangible heritage.

These activities are undertaken by the institution through the Unit of International Affairs (UAI), the department housed in the team of the cabinet of the Minister President of the CNCA and dedicated to maintaining permanent coordination at an inter-institutional level with the national entities dedicated to cultural themes of an international dimension.  Among the primary institutions with which the Unit of International Affairs maintains close links is the National Committee for Cultural Relations in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DIRAC), the Committee for the Promotion of Exportations (PROCHILE), the Foundation for the Image of Chile, the National Tourist Board (SERNATUR), the Committee of Libraries, Archives and Museums and the Council of National Monuments.

The Unit of International Affairs has four fundamental objectives

  1. The coordination at national and international level of cultural matters.
  2. To develop international links in cultural affairs.
  3. To give greater visibility to Chilean culture at an international level.
  4. To position Chilean artistic and cultural commodities permanently in international circuits and markets.

These objectives are in turn developed through the work streams of the Unit of International Affairs:

-       Work stream 1: International development: this frames the bilateral and multilateral international relationships that the CNCA maintains at an institutional level with countries abroad. This deals with the management of work in the Chile with diplomatic delegations and bi-national institutions; the inter-institutional coordination that agrees on lines of action in foreign policy in cultural matters. This work stream is specifically detailed as:

-       Foreign policy: this encompasses the consolidation of programmes of cooperation of cultural development within the frame of the Iber-American Summit of the Heads of State (with programmes such as IBERMUSICÁLES, IBERRUTAS, IBERESCENA, and BERMEDIA); the work of specialised dialogue with UNESCO on intangible heritage and cultural diversity, the subscription with neighbouring countries to international bodies and an active inter-institutional work with other Ministries of Culture and institutions with similar aims, such as the Iber-American General Committee (SEGIB), the Common Market of the South (Mercosur), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Inter-American Development Bank, among other institutions.

-       Work with embassies and bi-national institutions in Chile: this consists of maintaining working relations with diplomatic representatives, bi-national and international institutions and international organisms based in Chile, supporting the fulfilment of projects and programmes put forward by these bodies to the CNCA.

Institutional coordination: the Unit of International Affairs collaborates on the process of inter-institutional coordination with national organisations dedicated to the matter of international cultural relevance, such as the Committee for Cultural Affairs, the Committee for the Promotion of Exportations, the Foundation for the Image of Chile, related to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the Committee of Libraries, Archives and Museums and the Council of National Monuments working with the Ministry of Education; and the National Tourist Board, dependent on the Ministry for Economy, Development and Tourism.

-       Institutional representation in international organisations: the Unit of International Affairs represents the National Council for Culture and the Arts for the state of Chile in various international organisations with cultural policies. It is worth highlighting the active participation in the International Federation of Arts Councils and Cultural Agencies (IFACCA), whose 6th World Summit on Arts and Culture will take place in Chile in January 2014. Additionally, the National Council for Culture and the Arts represents our country at institutions such as UNESCO, the Regional Centre for the Development of Books (CERLAIC) and the Regional Centre for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage of Latin America (CRESPIAL).

Work stream 2: Internationalisation: This consists of strategic work increasing visibility and improving the placement of Chilean culture in the international arena through concrete actions, ensuring the permanent presence of Chilean cultural commodities on the international circuits and markets, ensuring access to the transfer of international know-how for national education, generating a concrete field of action with strategically chosen countries. In order to achieve this, the Unit of International Affairs constantly identifies specialised cultural highlights abroad and coordinates the participation of national agents in these events. It is possible to systematise the activity of the UAI in the following lines of work:

-       Strategic project of internationalisation and support for official invitations: The CNCA maintains a systematic participation in the Venice Biennale in the field of architecture and the visual arts. Additionally, the CNCA has supported the representation of Chile in the Cadiz Festival of Theatre, the Sao Paulo Biennale, the Havana Biennale, the Milan SaloneSatellite, the International Contemporary Art Fair in Madrid (ARCO), Designjunction in London, dOCUMENTA in Germany, the International Festival of Electronic Language in Brazil (FILE), the International festival of Photography and Visual Arts PhotoEspaña, the fashion events at RoomsLINK in Japan, and ARS Electronic in Austria, among other events to which Chilean artists and creators were invited. The UAI also collaborates in developing international projects through institutions dependent on the National Council for Culture and the Arts, such as the Council for the Development of National Music, the Council for Art and the Audio-visual Industry, and the National Council for Books and Reading. Additionally the UAI stimulates the development of a network of Chilean collaborators who stand out in the field of culture at an international level.

-       The organisation works with South American countries and in the regions of Chile. The Unit for International Affairs supports the cultural and artistic relationships and exchanges with other countries in the region, as well as initiatives developed by the Regional Councils for Culture and the Arts in collaboration with neighbouring countries. Among their activities it is worth highlighting those developed with Argentina (Homage to Leonardo Favio), Ecuador (crafts show), and the participation in the Mixed Cultural Commission with Columbia and Korea, as well as the conference on Baroque Art held in the region of Arica and Parinacota.

Chapter published: 28-12-2013