Chile/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.8 Data protection laws

The main piece of legislation protecting personal information in public or private records or databanks is Law No. 19,628 (Chilean National Congress, 1999b), on the protection of citizens’ personal information. This law regulates the storage, communication, transmission, modification and handling of data gathered by public and private entities, regardless of those involved, under the habeas data principle.

This law establishes that personal information may only be used for the purposes for which it was gathered, and that surveys or studies shall omit any information that allows participants to be identified. The owners of personal information are entitled to be aware of the use of any information gathered about them, or to request its modification, blockage or even elimination from private data banks to which the public does not have access, except in the case of commercial and financial information on late payments or similar situations for debt that has not been renegotiated or is not subject to payment agreements.

Chapter published: 28-12-2013