Chile/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.7 Intercultural dialogue: actors, strategies, programmes

The main public organisation in charge of public policy on intercultural dialogue is the National Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI), created in 1993 by Law 19.253 (National Congress of Chile, 1993b) with the purpose of promoting, coordinating and carrying out actions from the State in favour of the comprehensive development of indigenous persons and communities, based on their recognition, the promotion of their culture and languages, and the protection of their lands, among other functions. It is dependent on the Ministry of Social Development. The main objectives of CONADI include the following:

-        Increasing the participation of the indigenous population in the formulation of public policy by means of instances of dialogue that promote a better institutional structure and public offer.

-        Increasing the learning of indigenous languages and cultures in indigenous children and young people, through formal education and the practice of traditional teaching, promoting the identity of the native peoples.

-        Reducing the deficit of productive assets in the indigenous and rural worlds, perfecting land and water policy through the incorporation of instruments to support the formation of human capital and productive entrepreneurship.

-        Increasing the opportunities for comprehensive development of urban indigenous families and organisations, through the implementation of instruments that improve access to credit and/or subsidies oriented towards productive, commercial and sociocultural development.

-        Increasing the opportunities for the comprehensive development of rural indigenous families, communities and organisations, promoting production, access to markets and value chains, as well as sociocultural and organisational development.

One of the most prominent CONADI programmes is the Fund for Indigenous Development (Law No. 19.253), which aspires to the construction of a society in which indigenous citizens reach levels of economic and social development that are comparable to the rest of the citizens of the country, promoting their values and cultural characteristics. Through this Fund, the following programmes are administrated:

-        Subsidy Programme for the Development of Urban and Rural Indigenous Economy.

-        Subsidy Programme for Indigenous Social Management.

-        Subsidy Programme for Preinvestment in Development Initiatives

Since 1995, CONADI implements the Fund for Culture and Education, oriented towards the conservation and development of tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the indigenous peoples, setting forth the educational basis for the benefit of the younger generations. This fund is composed of the following programmes:

-        Management and protection of the Indigenous Cultural Heritage.

-        Subsidy for the professional development and specialisation of indigenous peoples.

-        Dissemination and promotion of indigenous cultures.

-        Application of Intercultural Bilingual Curriculum and Pedagogical Design (see Chapter 4.2.5).

-        Recuperation and revitalisation of indigenous languages (see Chapter 4.2.5).

The work of intercultural dialogue in Chilean public cultural policy is largely considered as a part of the tasks concerning cultural heritage, which is why reference should be made to Chapter 4.2.2.

Chapter published: 28-12-2013