Chile/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

The objectives of Chilean cultural policy are developed by two fundamental public instruments: Law No. 19.891 which formed the National Council for Culture and the Arts; and the documents of cultural policy published by that organisation, valid between the periods 2005-2019 (CNCA, 2005c) and 2011-2016 (CNCA, 2011a). The former makes clear the centralised nature which the National Council for Culture and the Arts acquires and the formation of cultural policies in the country.

Law No. 19.891 defines three fundamental objectives for the National Council for Culture and the Arts:

1.         To support and develop the arts and the dissemination of culture.

2.         To contribute to the conservation, increase and accessibility for all, of the country’s cultural heritage.

3.         To promote the participation of all people in the cultural life of the country.

The first of these functions that the law establishes for the CNCA is the studying, adoption, evaluation and renovation of cultural policies as well as the plans and programmes that take into account and put into practice this guidance of public policy.

The first document of cultural policy drawn up by the National Council for Culture and the Arts, entitled Chile quiere más cultura. Definiciones de Política Cultural 2005 -2010 proposes the following objectives:

1.         To support the artist in the creation of their work, developing agencies for the formation of excellence, facilitating the means of producing and disseminating their work and improving the conditions of an appropriate insertion into society.

2.         To promote the development of a cultural industry that supports the increase of cultural services and goods in the country, assuring the dissemination of artistic creation and national heritage.

3.         To create and develop more and better audiences for the dissemination of culture, improving infrastructure, stimulating management, broadening the education of art appreciation and lobbying for better quality in the media.

4.         To increase the access for low-income groups and vulnerable groups to the consumption of cultural commodities, generating initial conditions for the development of a permanent relationship between the members of these sectors of society and cultural activities.

5.         To encourage the de-centralised participation and organisation of the public in cultural matters.

6.         To preserve, enrich and disseminate the cultural heritage of the country, increasing investments and implementing modern and creative community participation initiatives.

7.         To recognise and protect the cultural diversity of Chile, strengthening cultural participation among the various ethnics groups belonging to the country and encouraging the expression of their cultural practices.

8.         To promote linguistic wealth and reading, generating reading habits and improving access to books.

9.         To consolidate the new cultural institutionality in terms of funding, infrastructure, human organisational, financial resources.

10.       To stimulate the contribution of the private sector to culture, perfecting tax mechanisms and promoting their implementation in cultural management.

Without prejudicing the achievement of the objectives defined up to 2010, the document Política Cultural 2011-2016 expands the guidelines through new objectives, with broader formulation so as to facilitate the implementation through diverse initiatives as much in the public as is the private sector. The objectives of the cultural policies currently in place in Chile are as follows:

15.       To strengthen artistic-cultural creation.

16.       To give greater visibility to and encourage cultural industries as the motors of development.

17.       To strengthen and bring up-to-date regulations relating to arts and culture.

18.       To contribute to the installation of the artistic-cultural goods and services at an international level.

19.       To strengthen the recognition of copyright.

20.       To promote cultural creation linked to digital platforms through new communication technology.

21.       To promote the access to and participation of the community in cultural-artistic initiatives.

22.       To generate access to the cultural-artistic offer.

23.       To promote the formation of habits of cultural-artistic consumption within the community.

24.       To advance and promote the role of cultural agents in the creation and dissemination of arts and culture.

25.       To promote the exchange of cultural content through new communication technology.

26.       To ensure that material cultural heritage is valued and safeguarded.

27.       To ensure that intangible cultural heritage is valued and safeguarded.

28.       To encourage cultural tourism, respecting diversity and conserving the cultural heritage of the nation.

Chapter published: 28-12-2013