Chile/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

There are two important instruments in Chile that make it possible to monitor the trends in the population’s participation in cultural activities. These are “Anuario Cultura” (The Cultural Year) and “Tiempo Libre” (Free Time), created by the National Council for Culture and Arts and the National Institute of Statistics (INE & CNCA, 2013), and the National Survey for Cultural Consumerism and Participation, all developed by the Studies department at the CNCA, currently available in three different versions: 2005 – 2005 (CNCA, 2007d), 2009 (CNCA, 2011r) and 2012 (press). 

In regards to participation in and preference for cultural-artistic events in 2012, cinema is the type of show or entertainment with the greatest attendance (45.2%) compared to attendance at exhibitions or other visual arts, theater, dance and concerts, whose percentages fluctuate between 17.8% (theater) and 25% (concerts). In another trend 47.6% of the population declare they have read at least one book in the last 12 months. The Chilean population aged between 15 and 29 years old and belonging to higher socio-economic areas is the demographic that most participates in cultural and artistic activities which further confirms the youthful trend in the cultural sector and the marked socio-economic inequality so prevalent in Chilean society, an inequality that leaves it mark on access to cultural activities, a trend also present in previous studies (CNCA, 2011r).

In regards to the cinema industry, between 2011 and 2012 the number of spectators grew to 16.2%. In the same manner during 2012 attendance to stage shows and other similar activities was largely concentrated on popular music concerts reaching 44.6%. However, the theater is the stage show with the largest offer of shows during the same period (9905 shows). Parallel to this 2012 also showed a 17.37% increase in spectators with free tickets to stage shows in comparison with 2011, whilst paying spectators decreased by 2.43% in comparison to the previous year (INE & CNCA, 2013).

For more information on participation trends and cultural consumerism please visit the website for “Sección de Estadísticas Culturales del Departamento de Estudios de CNCA” (Section on Cultural Statistics: CNCA Department of Studies): http://www.cultura.gob.cl/estudios/estadisticas-culturales/.


Chapter published: 28-12-2013


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