Chile/ 7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure  

7.1 Cultural infrastructure: tendencies & strategies

Cultural infrastructure statistics show that there is a total of 1,512 public and private cultural spaces in Chile. The Santiago Metropolitan Region has the largest number of cultural spaces, while libraries are the most common facility nationwide, followed by cultural centers, theaters and museums.

Region

Infrastructure

% of infrastructure by region

Population projected to 2011*

 

Number of inhabitants per cultural infrastructure

Tarapacá

39

2.58 %

321.726

8.249

Antofagasta

66

4.37 %

581.701

8.814

Atacama

44

2.91 %

282.575

6.422

Coquimbo

47

3.11 %

728.934

15.509

Región Valparaíso

149

9.85 %

1.777.470

11.929

Libertador Gral. Bernardo O'Higgins

91

6.02 %

891.763

9.800

 Maule

88

5.82 %

2.048.993

23.284

Biobío

185

12.24 %

2.048.993

11.076

Araucanía

102

6.75 %

978.402

9.592

Los Lagos

110

7.28 %

846.614

7.696

Aysén del Gral. Carlos Ibáñez del Campo

34

2.25 %

105.865

3.114

Magallanes

38

2.51 %

159.154

4.188

Metropolitana

428

28.31 %

6.945.593

16.228

Los Ríos

57

3.77 %

380.707

6.679

Arica y Parinacota

34

2.25 %

183.190

5.388

Total

1512

100%

18.281.680

12.091

Source: Cultural Spaces in Chile, CNCA (www.espaciosculturales.cl)

*Source: National Statistics Institute, Estimated Total Population, 1990-2020.

Type of cultural space

Number of cultural space

% by type of space

Archive

12

1%

Library

509

34%

Cultural Center or House of Culture

254

17%

Documentation Center

16

1%

Cinema

60

4%

Recording Studio

12

1%

Art Gallery

51

3%

Gym

160

11%

Museum

147

10%

Other

88

6%

Rehearsal

3

0%

Showroom

55

4%

Theatre or theater

145

10%

Total

1512

100%

Source: Cultural Spaces in Chile, CNCA (www.espaciosculturales.cl)

In Chilean cultural policies, the creation of cultural infrastructure is considered a priority in order to create and strengthen audiences. The paper Chile wants more culture (CNCA, 2005c) is a landmark in this regard, outlining a commitment to create or build a cultural center in every district with more than 50,000 inhabitants in order to establish a national dissemination network for the arts. This network is being implemented through the CNCA cultural center program, which has opened 26 cultural centers throughout Chile, and through coordination led by the Red Cultura (Culture Network) program. 

The Red Cultura program, inaugurated in 2012, promotes the circulation of artistic content throughout Chile’s cultural infrastructure, and imparts training on professional management abilities in collaboration with local governments and the Council on Culture. Red Cultura aims to make Chile’s cultural infrastructure more sustainable by fostering professional management, community outreach, top-quality events, and further decentralization and circulation of cultural goods and services around the country, in order to enhance access and participation to the arts among citizens. To achieve its goals, the Red Cultura program includes the publication of a cultural events catalogue, cultural planning and management events, and other activities. Similarly, to respond to weaknesses in cultural management at the municipal level (CNCA, 2013a), Red Cultura supports the creation of municipal cultural agendas, technical training for teams at cultural centers, and forming a partnership with Fundación Superación de la Pobreza (Overcoming Poverty Foundation) a private, non-profit organization working for equality and social integration in Chile, focusing its work on the most vulnerable and geographically isolated districts.

For more information on Chilean cultural infrastructure, we recommend visiting the CNCA Studies Department’s Cultural Spaces in Chile website at the following link: www.espaciosculturales.cl.

For more details on the Red Cultura program, please visit the following links:

www.redcultura.cl

www.cultura.gob.cl/redcultura/sobre-redcultura


Chapter published: 28-12-2013


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