8.1.1 Overview of strategies, programmes and direct or indirect forms of support
Support to artists (creators) in Tunisia mainly targets production and promotion stages of cultural production. It is provided either by direct grants (book, film, theatre, music) or indirect grants as logistical aid (flight tickets, air shipping related to participation in cultural activities abroad, fees exemption for exhibitions and cultural events in public cultural institutions). In addition, there is direct financial support for private cultural institutions, mainly dramatic arts centers for management expenses. Most of the funding process remains at the central level and administered through special committees responsible for demand management and support decisions.
The culture sector had experienced special funds for artists in early 1980s which were later abandoned in the 1990’s. By the beginning of 2010, a new special funds for artists was created for “Artistic and literary creativity support”, and came into operation in 2013.
As a result and as previously stated in (), the public sector remains the major provider of support to artists with a necessary emphasis for decentralization. This is coupled with the absence of any incentives to encourage private support to artists and culture sector in general either by donations or grants. The situation created high pressure on public financial resources with the risk of bottleneck situation for artists support and to come short before their needs.