Tunisia/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

Current cultural policy objectives consist of national identity and intercultural dialogue, the promotion of cultural rights and the enhancement of culture and heritage contribution to national and local development.

According to the priorities in the Ministry's programs, which are effectively a continuation of the established priorities since 2005, the following points had visible interest:

  • Continuation of legal and structural reforms to support culture, to stimulate creativity and to sustain cultural actors.
  • Promotion of cultural industries and private investment in culture sector.
  • Integration of arts and culture in the daily practices of the citizen, especially youth category.
  • Encourage national cultural production, at national and international levels.
  • Development of cultural tourism.
  • Promotion of intellectual property/literary and artistic rights (copyright and related rights).
  • Promotion of digital culture.
  • Support decentralization and empowerment of local authorities and civil society to play an active role in the development of cultural dynamics.
  • Support new and creative arts.
  • Modernization of cultural infrastructure.
  • Promotion of major projects in culture sector, among them the "City of Culture"

Current emphasis is on improving the economic contribution of culture sector, strengthening cultural decentralization and structural organization of cultural institutions.

The evaluation and impact measurement of cultural policy at national and local levels is performed by departments of the Ministry of culture (including the Office of planning, programming and studies) through statistical data collection and reporting. The evaluation mechanism of cultural policy is also performed during the mid-year review of the national development plans. In addition, the cultural policy was evaluated through broad national consultations. The most important national consultations were as follows: the national consultation on culture in 2002, the national consultation on music in 2006, the national consultation on theatre in 2008, and the national consultation on the book and reading in 2008. These consultations took place following presidential decisions and Special Committees were appointed by the Minister of Culture.

According to the report published by the Ministry of culture on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the proclamation of the Republic (in 2007), most of the criteria was based on quantitative data (e.g. data on the Houses of Culture, the major topics, budget increase of the Ministry of Culture, published books, proportion of references and books in public libraries, cinema ...).

During 2012 an annual activity report was prepared and covered ministry achievement sin each administrative departments and areas of intervention with various statistics and proposals. In addition, seminars and forums organized by the Ministry of Culture on several topics such as cultural rights and heritage and attended by civil society representatives contributed to the evaluation process of cultural policy and to discern new tendencies and needs in the democratic transition phase. Besides, The Forum of Directors which is an administrative component of the Ministry structure contributed to the evaluation process.

In reference to a 2011 study on “Cultural sector and Employment ", the assessment process of cultural policy remained within quantitative/descriptive framework and limited its capacity to provide a clear picture about cultural policy outcomes. Actually, performance-based-budgeting (PBB) will be introduced from 2014 at the Ministry of Culture[1] and would generate a substantial opportunity to develop a results based system for the evaluation of cultural policy in Tunisia.

Chapter published: 05-05-2015