4.2.10 Gender equality and cultural policies
There is no special reference to the issue of gender in Tunisian cultural policy and the Ministry of Culture does not have gender quota plans. Women's rights and the gender equality concept is widely accepted in Tunisian society. Historically, Tunisia was a leading country from the Arab world to ensure the full emancipation of women and the protection of their rights (abolition of polygamy, the right to vote since 1956, the right to education, the minimum age for marriage18, etc.). Starting from the 1990s, the focus on gender equality resulted in the establishment of the Ministry of Woman and the Family, the creation of the National Council for Women and the Family and the National Commission for Women and Development, and the Centre for Research, Documentation and Communication on Women. However, it remains difficult to achieve general equality as women remain under-represented in key positions. The principle of equality between men and women in different aspects in Tunisia has a constitutional value. Article VI of the Constitution of the Republic of Tunisia of 1959 stipulates that “all citizens have the same rights and duties and are equal before the law”. Tunisia has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) by Law No. 85-68, issued on 12July in 1985 with some reservations and declarations about certain articles of this convention.