2.2 National definition of culture
The official governmental policy did not contain any specific definition of culture; rather it was based on an implicit consensus inspired from the definitions put forth in international conventions and protocols ratified by Tunisia. This situation had a positive aspect as it permitted a continuous evolution and expansion of culture sphere in terms of associated areas and attributions.
Historically, four concepts of culture can be identified in Tunisian cultural policy since independence, as follows:
• Culture as a human concept for art and educational enlightenment.
• Culture as a factor for integrated economic development.
• Culture as a national identity.
• Culture as a factor for peacemaking and mutual understanding.