7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions
The administrative character of cultural institutions varies from public institutions with administrative nature or non-administrative nature, or regional and central administrations. Many cultural institutions did not have their legal status at their creation causing difficulties in proper administrative management and limited capacities for development. For example, the international cultural center of Hammamet has established since in the first years after the independence, acquired its public administration status after 2011. Other examples show the adoption of different names for the same structure (House of Culture/ Cultural center) with the absence of any legal text that can establish any classification.
In 2011, with a consideration to strengthening the legal and administrative structure of cultural institutions Decree-law2011-121of 17 November 2011 on public cultural institutions was issued to regulate cultural institutions according to their areas of intervention and classify their descriptive names according to their functions. As a result, this new legal text founded a clear framework for the administrative and financial management of public institutions for cultural action that permit better management and development.
With regard to partnerships of cultural institutions with other public institutions, they remain connected to their area of intervention and the scope of its administrative authority. At the central level, partnerships are mainly channeled through the Ministry of Culture, which in return oversees later cultural institutions partnerships with regional/local authorities and local communities.