Algeria/ 8.3 Arts and cultural education  

8.3.1 Institutional overview

Art teaching in Algeria is the responsibility of the Ministry of National Education, which determines the programs and calendars of public and private institutions. In this framework, the National Education Guide Law (Law 08-04 on 23 January, 2008) stipulates schools’ duties to provide an education which guarantees full, harmonious and balanced development of students personalities to enable them attain general cultural proficiency while also acquiring sufficient theory and applied knowledge to integrate into society.
This law stipulates in particular that general knowledge of students should be enriched by consolidating scientific, literary and artistic teaching and constantly adapting the teaching process to social, cultural, technological and vocational development. Modern technologies have gained special attention, since the law stipulates that all necessary measures should be taken by the state to ensure that public institutions are provided with the necessary equipment.

The attention dedicated by the state to art education  was exemplified by the MOC’s creation of various art education institutions. The number of pre-graduation training institutions in 2008-2009 reached nine regional institutes, four of which are music institutes containing 457 students and five of which fine arts institutions containing 802 students.

The three graduate-training institutions contain 301 students distributed as such: the National High Institute for Music (42 students), the High Institute for Audio & Visual Performance Arts (66 students) and the High School for Fine Arts (193 students) (Ministry of Culture, 2012).

The attention dedicated to art teaching by the Ministry of National Education and Ministry of Culture did not translate to similar attention paid by the Ministry of Higher Education. The Algerian University did not include specialties in the fields of culture and arts in its educational network, with the exception of the criticism and theatre department at the Oran University's Faculty of Letters and Languages.

Art education during recreational time is one of the tasks of local groups, culture houses and youth centers. The areas that attract most attention are music, theatre, plastic arts, audio & visual arts and broadcast media.

Chapter published: 03-05-2013