Vietnam/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

  • Gender: Female - 255.021 or 50.46 percent; Male - 250.372 và nam là or 49.54 percent of the total
  • Age: Under thirty years old, 202.958 or 40.16 percent; from thirty to fifty years old, 226.928 or 44.90 percent; over fifty to retirement age, 70.802 or 14.01 percent; and there are 4.705 people over retirement age still invited to work or 0.93 percent of total.

On professional areas:

  • State management: there are 12.394 people or 2.45 percent including 869 people working for central institutions, occupying 7.01 percent of management area or 0.17 percent total number of employees; and 11.525 people working for local management institutions occupying 92.99 percent of the management area or 2.28 percent of the total number of employees.
  • Professional institutions: there are 30.533 people, occupying 6.04 percent of the total number, including 12.823 people working for public institutions, 12.695 people working for semi-public institutions, and 4.015 people working for private institutions.
  • Enterprises: there are 462.468 people working for cultural enterprises, occupying 91.51 percent of total number.

Employment policies for the cultural sector

  • The system of legislation on the employment policies for the cultural sector is as follows: Law on Education 2005; Law on Vocational Education 2006; and Labour Code 2007.
  • These laws have created a legislative background to regulate the human resource development of the sector. Especially on 30 May 2008, the Government issued Decree number 69/2008/NĐ-CP on the incentive policy of privatisation and decentralisation on culture that helped to develop the human resource of the sector.

Chapter published: 30-11-2013