Vietnam/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.10 Gender equality and cultural policies

The Constitution of Vietnam enshrines the principle of gender equality, and specifically prohibits the violation of women’s rights. In regard to legal rights, the position of Vietnamese women has improved over the past decades. In 2006, the National Assembly passed the country’s first Law on Gender Equality. This law aims to address some key aspects of gender equality in all areas of social and family life, measures to promote gender equality, responsibilities of all public and private agencies and oversight of violations.

The Government had also applied measures to promote equality, particularly concerning the retirement age, retirement benefits and social insurance policies, among other things. Achievements in the last five years to promote gender equality and enhance women’s role in the family and society were significant. Gender gaps in most political, economic and social areas had narrowed, and women occupied forty-nine percent of the labour force.

Vietnam ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1982.

On 27 September 2011, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism issued the Plan on gender equality in the culture, sports and tourism sector for the period 2011–2015. This document aims to identify the responsibilities of the agencies and units in the implementation of gender equality in the field of cultural, family, sports and tourism, contributing to the national target on gender equality.

Chapter published: 30-11-2013