Vietnam/ 7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure  

7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions

The trend of decentralisation and privatisation has been encouraged by Decree number 90/CP dated 21 August 1997 of the Prime Minister on the policy of decentralisation and privatisation in culture, education and health. In this document, the status and partnerships of public cultural institutions are changed as follow:

- Public art organisations are re-arranged as: focussing on building typical arts organisations in central level such as Tuồng traditional theatre, Chèo traditional theatre, Cải lương traditional theatre, circus, drama, traditional dance and music, symphony orchestra, ballet, puppet; only maintaining typical organisations for the area in local level; giving permission to family, private or community art groups to do their business in the framework of laws, with the management of the government on arts content and quality.

- Besides the student quota from the State, it is given to the schools of music, dance, theatre, cinema, crafts and fine art to extend their education on the financial contributions from learners; the State’s art troupes are allowed to get training quota in accordance with training in service at their troupes; encouraging to open private schools in the arts.

- Besides the State’s organisations, other economic sectors are allowed to publish films under the control of the government. It is legal to permit cultural organisations, film and video companies to coordinate with other economic sectors to invest in the upgradation and improvement of the infrastructure of cinemas and theatres.

- Expanding the network of cultural product publishing with the participation of other economic sectors. Permitting the State’s printing companies to be equitised with the selling proportion of equities based on the importance of each company.

- The State focusses on building museums and preserving and restoring cultural and historical national sites. The State also permits the setting up of private and communal collections.

Thanks to those policies, there are many private cultural organisations emerging since 1997. They are run privately but are controlled under laws and the management and partners of the Ministry or provincial departments of culture, sports and tourism.

However, the state's main partners in cultural policy implementation are still the provincial departments of culture, sports and tourism. The latter have their own, local cultural calendar; approve and follow their own cultural budgets; support provincial cultural institutions and contribute to the financing of state cultural institutions, as agreed by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism also promotes partnerships between the governmental and non-governmental sectors. Joint financing, activities and projects between the Ministry and NGOs, as well as sponsorship by for-profit NGOs, have become a common practice in many spheres.

Chapter published: 30-11-2013