Vietnam/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.1 Main features of the current cultural policy model

First, it is closely linked with Marxist and Leninist viewpoints, as well as Hồ Chí Minh thoughts on building and developing Vietnamese culture. There are five basic guidelines[1] and ten major solutions[2] for culture development that are put forward in the document of the fifth party’s central committee meeting (eighth tenure) on “building and development of an advanced Vietnamese culture deeply imbued with national identity”.

Second, to ensure the leadership of the party and the government’s management of culture; to promote and train creative talent; to create improved and favourable conditions and policies that lead to the creation of high quality cultural and artistic products that match the era and the high status of the country; to create favourable conditions to improve the cultural enjoyment and creativity of people; to privatise and decentralise cultural activities in order to mobilise all sources to develop culture; to consider investment for culture as investment for human and sustainable development; and to link the development of culture with the development of economy and society.

Third, to direct all cultural activities to build a comprehensive Vietnamese identity on politics, ideology, intellect, virtue, health and creative capacity; to have a sense of community awareness, tolerance, friendship, a civilised way of life, good family, community and social relations; to make culture an agent to motivate people to achieve  self-fulfilment, and to absorb social life and activities, as well as all aspects of human relations, into the context of industrialisation and modernisation.

Fourth, to preserve and promote identities and cultural and artistic values of Vietnamese ethnic groups; to maintain the unity in diversity of Vietnamese culture parallel with expanding cultural exchanges; to absorb the quintessence of human culture; to make rich the national culture and create new values as well as being aware of opportunities and threats; to improve the capacity to receive opportunities and overcome threats to the development of culture in international integration.


[1] Five basic guidelines are as follows:

- Culture is the spiritual foundation of the society, serving as both the objective and the momentum of socio-economic development.

- The culture which we are building is an advanced one deeply imbued with national identity.

- The Vietnamese culture is a culture which is uniform but diversified in the community of nationalities.

- Building and developing the culture is the entire people’s cause under the leadership of the Party, in which the intelligentsia plays an important role.

- Culture is a front; building and developing the culture is a long-term revolutionary cause requiring a revolutionary will, perseverance, and caution.

[2] Ten solutions are as follow:

1. Stepping up education about socialism, fostering patriotism, making marked progresses in the political stuff, morality, lifestyle and intellectual competence of the Vietnamese people who are fully capable of successfully realizing the cause of national industrialization and modernization.

2. Concentrating on building healthy cultural surroundings. Raising the self-governance as well as the quality and effectiveness of the campaign on building cultural surroundings.

3. Taking care of building a clean and strong political system, practicing industriousness, thrift, integrity, selflessness and impartiality, promoting democracy, forming a cultured working style in the Party and State agencies, mass organisations, armed forces, non-business as well as business units.

4. Raising the quality of literary and art products and cultural works.

5. Developing in parallel with managing the mass media, perfecting the information strategy, improving the quality of the press and publications.

6. Raising the qualification and knowledge, including professional knowledge, foreign language and informatics skills, for officials, Party members and the people.

7. Conserving and promoting the nation’s cultural heritages.

8. Conserving, promoting, and developing the cultures of ethnic minority groups.

9. Expanding cultural exchanges, absorbing the quintessence of the mankind’s culture, perfecting the strategy on external cultural and information services, rapidly developing the potential of the national culture in order to actively participate in the international cultural integration and exchange.

10. Struggling to preclude and eliminate bad practices, social problems and evils, building healthy cultural surroundings.

Chapter published: 30-11-2013