Vietnam/ 3.4 International cultural co-operation  

3.4.1 Overview of main structures and trends

The Vietnamese government considers cultural diplomacy, economic diplomacy and political diplomacy as the pillars of the comprehensive and modern diplomacy of Vietnam. These three pillars are closely and mutually related, and contribute to the implementation of diplomatic policies of the Party and the State. Political diplomacy plays a directive role; economic diplomacy is the material background, and cultural diplomacy is the mental background of international activities.

The main trends in international co-operation have been:

  • In terms of bilateral relations, it has continued to diversify international co-operations. Vietnam gives priority to developing traditional relations and friendships with neighbouring countries and sharpening relations with major partners.
  • As a member of ASEAN, Vietnam takes an active and positive role in the responsibilities to work with the member countries to build a powerful ASEAN community; strengthening the relation with other partners, and maintaining and consolidating the important role of ASEAN in the co-operation framework of the Asia Pacific Region.
  • In terms of multilateral relations, with the principle of a responsible member of international community, Vietnam expands its participation and active, positive and responsible contribution to multilateral mechanism, organisations, regional forums and international bodies, especially the United Nations.

Vietnam will actively co-operate with other countries and international organisations to deal with non-traditional security threats, especially climate changes.

  • In terms of territorial borders, Vietnam speeds up to solve remaining issues on borders, territories, sea boundary and continental shelf with relevant countries on the principle basis of international laws and behaviour principle of the      region.
  • In terms of other fields, Vietnam provides guidelines to develop party diplomacy with communist parties, working class, left-wing parties, ruling parties and other parties, as well as to pay attention to enhance the activity of public      diplomacy.

The principles of these trends are as follows:

  • National benefits are both the highest aim and principle of cultural diplomacy.
  • International integration is an important aim of international co-operation. It places economic integration at the centre and expands to other fields such as politics, security, culture-society, and at all levels i.e. bilateral, regional, multilateral and global.
  • Vietnam is a friend and trusted partner, as well as a responsible member in the international community.
  • Building ASEAN community to be a central diplomacy, and commit to build a successful ASEAN community.
  • All diplomacies will synchronously and comprehensively implement on the basis of promoting the potentials of all sources to create synergetic strength of all people in the diplomacy front.

The main purposes of cultural co-operation are as follows:

  • To bring the established cultural co-operation into depth, activeness and stability and to expand relationships with other countries, regions and international cultural institutions.
  • To strengthen cultural exchanges with other countries in different areas; to introduce Vietnamese culture, country and people to the world; to selectively receive humanity,science and advance values of other countries; and to prevent bad cultural products.
  • To exchange and disseminate the products of arts and literature imbued with Vietnamese identity and spirirt abroad.
  • To co-operate with other countries to train cultural and artistic talent in cinema, performing arts, painting and professional skills and to enhance the capacity to use modern techniques in performing arts, cinema, museum,      library, printing, etc.
  • To create favourable conditions for the Vietnamese populace based overseas to receive cultural information and products from Vietnam; to raise their patriotism, to encourage them to follow Vietnamese tradition and identities, and to promote their talent in order to contribute to the nation building efforts. To actively develop projects to attract sponsorship budgets from governmental and non-governmental organisations, as well as enterprises.
  • To issue legislative documents to expand cultural exchanges with other countries including investment cooperation in the export and import of cultural products, offering museum objects for exhibition abroad, etc.
  • To establish cultural centres in major countries in different regions to expand the exchange and cooperation in culture and arts.
  • To coordinate with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in sending cultural attaché  to Vietnamese Embassies.
  • To strengthen the co-ordination between the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and other ministries, sectors and local authorities in introducing Vietnamese culture and arts with international organisations and foreigners in      Vietnam and abroad. To pay attention to cultural exchanges in border areas.

Chapter published: 30-11-2013