6.1 Short overview
The majority of public cultural expenditure in Spain comes from regional and local governments, which together represent 85% of public cultural spending (see chapter 6.2). This shows the decentralised nature of the Spanish model in which territorial authorities assume most of the responsibility for culture.
The economic crisis has affected cultural budgets on all levels of government. Strong adjustment measures taken by the central government to reduce the public deficit have particularly affected the former Ministry of Culture and the current Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. Thus, the cultural budget for 2012 (the last year for which data are available) suffered a 19% reduction over the previous year. According to the government, cultural budget for the last two years basically has responded to two premises: on the one hand, to ensure the functioning of "core" institutions and cultural services and, on the other hand, to progress the construction of complementary models of financing, with the greater participation of civil society. The situation is equally worrying in regional and local administrations, with high debt levels; for instance, in 2012, cultural spending by Autonomous Communities suffered a 14% reduction with respect to the previous year. The reduction was nearly 20% for the local administrations.