3.4.1 Overview of main structures and trends
Spain is involved in bilateral cooperation in the area of cultural exchange with many countries and has a growing number of new agreements designed to promote mutual understanding between the signatories. Spain has signed cooperation agreements in the areas of culture, education and science with numerous countries and, in order to monitor their development, it organises regular Mixed Commissions in which the corresponding executive programmes are defined. In Spain, the planning and coordination of these agreements and programmes is the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation. The State Secretariat for Culture is responsible for defining their cultural content and for management and follow-up. The legal instruments devised by these Mixed Commissions are the executive programmes of cultural cooperation, which are usually in force for two or three years, though, on occasion, for only one year. These programmes define the nature, content and calendar of the actions and exchanges that come under the State Secretariat for Culture's areas of competence.
Multilateral cultural cooperation is based, above all, on participation in the creation of cooperation agreements and programmes in the cultural environment inside the international organisations of which Spain is a member (see chapter 3.4.3).