8.1.2 Special artists funds
There are very few specific funds for artists in Spain. One important example is the Cinematographic Protection Fund, administered by the Film and Audiovisual Arts Institute to protect and support the Spanish film industry. The state budget for 2015 will provide the Fund with EUR 36.58 million, 8.5% more than in 2014. It changes the negative trend over the previous years in which the Fund has decreased from EUR 76 million in 2011 to EUR 49 million in 2012, EUR 39.13 million in 2013 and EUR 33.7 in 2014. Although the Fund subsidises primarily companies, aid for scripts or shorts can be considered aid to individual artists.
The so-called "digital canon", aimed at compensating authors for private copies of their work, was abolished in 2011 (20/2011 Royal Decree). At present, it is the government who pays this compensation from the General State Budget. The new reform of the Intellectual Property Act in 2014 has implied a deep revision of the system of private copying that has raised serious legal concerns (see also chapter 5.1.7).
After a long litigation with the Court of Justice of the European Union and with a strong opposition, the Act for Reading, Books and Libraries, passed in 2007, modified some aspects of the Intellectual Property Act (23/2006) in establishing a levy on the loans made by cultural organisations (such as libraries, museums, archives, etc.). Thus, libraries have to pay EUR 0.2 for each book copy acquired for loan, with an exemption solely for public libraries of municipalities of less than 5000 inhabitants (52% of the total of public libraries in Spain) and those integrated in educational institutions. Payment to the authors will be completed through the copyright societies.
See also chapter 8.1.1.