3.4.4 Direct professional co-operation
There are many projects and networks of international cooperation between cultural professionals, which include:
The International Theatre Institute of the Mediterranean (IITM), set up in 1991, aims to promote the production of performing arts, and other cultural projects, that develop and represent Mediterranean culture in all its forms. It fosters cultural exchange and solidarity among Mediterranean peoples. The work that IITM carries out has led to the creation and maintenance of a network involving 24 countries: 15 in Europe, 6 in Africa and 3 in the Eastern Mediterranean. IITM's work has been recognised by UNESCO, which incorporated it in its Mediterranean Programme. It has also gained the sustained support of the European Commission and the Spanish Ministries of Culture and Foreign Affairs for many of its activities, as well as the support of the Autonomous Communities of Madrid, Andalusia, Valencia, Extremadura and Castile-La Mancha.
In the field of museums, the Reina Sofia National Museum and Art Centre is working on a new type of museum through its collaborations with networks that are not institutionalised in the conventional sense. The network Southern Conceptualisms, comprised of a group of researchers and curators from all over Latin America, is collaborating with Reina Sofia in giving rise to a new notion of shared heritage, through the generation of a network of archives.
Recently, the route of Prehistoric Rock Art Trail, in which Spain participates, has been awarded the designation of Cultural Route of the Council of Europe. This route, which has more than one hundred rock art sites in France, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Sweden, is the biggest tourist-cultural itinerary of European prehistory. The award reaffirms the implementation of joint research and dissemination of rock art in accordance with the aims of the Council of Europe's programme: the preservation and the enhancement of heritage as a source of social, economic and cultural development.
Regarding professional cooperation networks, the Sub Directorate-General for Museums of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport and the Spanish Association of Cultural Heritage Managers take part in NEMO – Network of European Museum Organisations. The National Library of Spain, the Complutense University of Madrid, the University of Valencia, Dialnet, the University of Barcelona and the Basque Digital Library are members of The European Library. The Palau de la Música Catalana and the Auditori de Barcelona are members of the network ECHO - European Concert Hall Organisations. The Spanish Federation of Artists and other professional associations are members of the European Council of Artists. Spanish entities and professionals are also represented in networks such as the EFA-European Festivals Association, Eurozine, RESEO, ENCATC...