5.3.3 Cultural heritage
The「Cultural Heritage Protection Act」was enacted in 1962 in order to promote cultural development in public life and contribute to the mankind. Its prescriptions relate to the management and protection of state-owned and state-designated cultural heritage, and municipally-designated cultural heritage. The law encompasses a wide scope of objects including heritage sites, natural monuments, intangible cultural heritage, underwater heritage, and cultural heritage located overseas. The focus has been shifting to achieve a balance between preservation and utilization.