South Korea/ 7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure  

7.2 Basic data about selected public institutions in the cultural sector

Cultural infrastructure that the government is mandated to subsidize are public libraries, public culture and arts centres, and public museums. The central government provides a matching grant for the building of such public institutions.

 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Number   of public arts centres

155

160

165

182

192

Average   numbers of people served per facility

316,076

306,018

296,649

273,478

263,102

Source: Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism (2011)

However, statistics concerning museums and fine arts museums (galleries) require a different interpretation. The table below shows the number of officially registered museums regardless of whether they are public or nonprofit in nature. Only museums built by local governments are given a fixed amount by the central government. Private museums receive various tax exemption at the time of establishment. Operation costs are sole responsibility of private museums but various program subsidies are provided through central government.

 

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Number   of registered museums

276

289

306

358

399

511

579

630

655

Number   of registered fine arts museums

60

65

74

80

92

115

128

141

145

Libraries fall under different government authorities. The national library is under the auspices of Ministry of Culture, school libraries under the local education councils, and local libraries under local governments.

 

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Number   of libraries

462

471

487

514

564

600

644

703

759

Population   served per library

103,078

101,611

98,643

93,654

85,633

80,760

75,477

69,357

66,555

Source: Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism (2011)


Chapter published: 29-11-2013


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