South Korea/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

It is notable that despite the centralized system of supporting culture in Korea, local budgets have been consistently growing in the arts and culture. This is seen as the result of the influence of ‘creative industry’ discourse on local governments. The creative industry is seen as giving regions a competitive edge and enabling future economic growth.

 

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Percentage   of total government budget including the local portion for culture

3.5

4.0

5.2

5.1

6.0

6.0

6.7

5.8

5.7

Source: Korea Cultural Policy Institute (2011)

Below figure shows that local government’s budget has grown to more than double of the central government’s budget. Although the responsibility for building and managing cultural infrastructure has been delegated to local governments, the central government provides a matching grant to cover infrastructural costs. Another reason for the increase in the local governments’ budgets might be the spread of government led cultural festivals and huge events (expo etc.) throughout the regions.

 (in millions of Korean currency, Won)

 

Sum of cultural budget for central government

Sum of cultural budget for all local governments

Division of ratio

2010

4,177,207

8,515,500

33:67

 Source: Korea Cultural Policy Institute (2011)


Chapter published: 29-11-2013


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