4.3 Other relevant issues and debates
Article 106 of the Federal Constitution distinguishes between two sectors in the gambling market, i.e. the casino sector, and lotteries, betting and skill games. The lotteries and betting sector in Switzerland is subject to the Swiss Federal Lotteries and Commercial Betting Act; it is primarily enforced by Swiss cantonal authorities, Comlot in particular. Casinos located in Switzerland, on the other hand, are subject to the Swiss Federal Games of Chance and Casinos Act (the "Casino Act"), which is enforced by the Federal Casino Board ESBK. For some time now, a comprehensive revision of Swiss gambling legislation has been planned to implement the new Federal Constitution Article 106. It is highly likely that the entire sector will eventually be regulated by a single Swiss Federal Gambling Act.
A national centre of competency for photography has already been established (Swiss Foundation of Photography and Centre for Photography in Winterthur), and this will be funded by public money and by a private foundation.
Private and public institutions are working on an integrated promotion concept for dance. Among others, this will comprise basic training and further training, the recognition of diplomas, documentation, and social security. "Tanz", a project headed by the Swiss Federal Office of Culture, was completed in 2006. The first results of its efforts can be seen in the development of the "Réseau Danse" Centre of Excellence, the introduction of postgraduate courses in dance culture and dance education as well as a Master's degree course in dance theory.
Within the new federal Culture Promotion Act (2009), Switzerland needs to develop statistics on public culture. The Federal Statistical Office has begun to establish guidelines that have relevance for strategic cultural policy planning. A group of experts is currently devising a corresponding concept.
Film promotion, under the control of the Federal Office of Culture, represents a considerable share of the federal government's promotion of culture.
Due to the structural problems of the Swiss film industry, new film promotion and funding concepts are being sought. For instance, the interest group of independent Swiss film producers points out that currently a total of 90% of the funding available for new film projects is allocated by committees and comparable decision-making bodies based on application dossiers and pledges, and that merely around 10% is allocated based on cultural and commercial success (selective and success-dependent film promotion).
The Swiss Film Archive (Cinémathèque Suisse), based in Lausanne, will be considerably expanded to do proper justice to its public remit as the "National Film Archive". Expansion also raises questions concerning funding and the appropriate legal form that the archive should take in future.
Further education in Switzerland is distinctly heterogeneous and hardly regulated by law. There is a lack of comprehensive regulation, which would otherwise allow for purposefully developing and promoting the further education sector as part of the national education system. The Federal Council has been tasked with devising a new Federal Act on Further Education.
In Switzerland, the significance of the country's intangible cultural heritage for social cohesion, for the country's cultural self-image, and for its image and appearance abroad, as well as that of its various regions, is firmly acknowledged. By ratifying the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of 16 July 2008, Switzerland has formally accepted and become part of the according international legal framework.