Syria/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

Public cultural expenditure per individual

(the year 2009 as a model of not having statistics that are more modern)


The total Government Budget Appropriation of funds increased in 2009 an amount of 685 billion SYP.


The Ministry of Culture shares of the total Government Budget Appropriation of funds an amount of 2135 million SYP. It was distributed as following: 1555 million SYP for investment, 580 million SYP Current Account, 2135 million SYP investment and current (total Appropriation of funds).


The share of Appropriation of funds for current expenditures for the cultural centers and directorates of culture, which report to the city councils from the budget of the Ministry of Local Administration (MOLA) in 2009 reached 812,140 k SYP.


The population of Syria according to the last census in 2007 is 19 million citizens (Central Bureau of Statistics).


Making public cultural expenditure per individual 155 SYP per year (US$ 1 = SYP 47).



Public cultural expenditure divided by levels of government

Analyzing the Appropriation of funds in the draft of overall State budget in 2009 with its current and investment sides sorted by functional classification shows that major blocks of Appropriation of funds are concentrated in the collective, social, and personal services which make up to 49.7% from the total approbations in the state budget while the approbations for economical services up to 38.37% from the total approbations.


In the collective, social, and personal services block the Appropriation of funds are concentrated in education, high education, and culture with 34.1% while the Appropriation of funds for social care and health make up to 10.35%.


The amount of contributions and subsidize of overall state budget in 2009 in social and cultural activities and local administrative units and Directorates of religious endowments reached SYP 17,812 million.


While the overall budget of the Ministry of Culture (investment and current) reached 2135 SYP million in the year 2009, the budget of the Ministry of Local Administration & Environment (MOLAE) in 2009 reached about 94 billion SYP, divided into about 60 billion for current budget and 33.4 billion for investment budget. The share of current expenditure for the cultural centers and Directorates of culture, which report to City Councils, in 2009 reached 812,140 k SYP.



Table 1: Public cultural expenditure by level of government 2009

 

Level of government

Total expenditure in local currency

(1000 Syrian pounds)

Percentage of total expenditure

Central government, (MOC)

2135000

0.3%

Regional - Local level (expenditure of cultural centers and Directorates of culture) from the budget of MOLAE

 

813140

 

0.1%

Total

2948140

0.4%

Source: Detailed State budget of 2009

 

Public cultural expenditure distribution into administrative, assets, and program costs

Increasing the (investment) expenditure rates in the overall State budget is an important governmental tool to achieve development with or without the global crisis, as it is well known planning the budget takes long time before starting its implementation.

Since the global financial crisis has appeared in the second half of 2008, the Syrian State budget for 2009 doesn’t witness new or special terms to face the global financial crisis through the total investment State expenditure terms. Although the rule sates that: the expansion of the investment expenditure during crises in the interference channel used by the state in order to solve the development problems.

As the current expenditure is considered steady and well defined that repeats every year (the increment occurred in this sector is tiny as compared with the other one), the dynamic part is the investment expenditure. The government can add terms to face a particular crisis, even if the budget doesn’t contain them, by increasing the expenditure on public projects in the areas in need.

It has been noted that the state budget of 2014 includes a slight increase in spending as opposed to 2013.

The observer of the changes in the State budget of Syria will see a noticeable increase in the last years at various rates in the public expenditure within its current and investment sides, showed in the following table:

Development of public expenditure (State budget) from 2003 to 2007 according to the following data:

(Amounts in billion SYP)

Year

Current expenditure

Investment expenditure

Total expenditure

Annual increase rate

2003

200.7

152.8

353.5

-

2004

248.5

156.6

405.1

14.6%

2005

277

154

431

6.4%

2006(*)

300

242.94

542.9

25.9%

2007 (*)

330

258

588

8.3%

 

Population and GDP growth indicators and GDP per capita (2000 – 2003)

Description

Year 2000

Year 2001

Growth rate 2000 /2001%

Year 2003

Growth rate 2001/2002 %

Year 2003

Growth rate 2002/2003%

Growth rate in four years %

Population (x1000)

 

16320

16720

2.45

17130

2.45

17550

2.45

2.45

GDP in current prices (million SYP)

903944

954137

5.55

1015451

6.33

1052921

3.7

5.22

GDP per capita in current prices (million SYP)

55389

57066

3.02

59226

3.78

59995

1.3

2.7

GDP in fixed prices (million SYP)

903944

938678

3.84

978482

4.24

1004348

2.6

3.75

GDP per capita in fixed prices  
(million SYP)

55389

56141

1.35

57121

1.74

57228

0.19

1.09


Source: Ministry of Economy and Trade; Statistical Abstract of 2004 


Chapter published: 09-05-2016


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