Syria/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

Cultural Industries: Policies and Programs

There is no clear-cut and agreed upon definition of the cultural industries in Syria, yet it is known that the cultural industries are the products of commercial type that can be marketed on a wide scale. Of which the most prominent with regard to Syria is the TV drama production, companies of animations and advertising companies. With the exception of the advertising companies, the main market of the TV series and for the production of the animations companies is the Arab market and more precisely the Gulf market.

Cinema, on the other hand, is not yet considered a cultural industry in Syria. Cinema production, in most cases, is restricted to the General Establishment of Cinema which produces one or two films per year. These are festival films that are not commercially marketed.

As it is pointed out in paragraph 3-2 on “ The National Definition of Culture”, the cultural and artistic product is considered a free of charge service product and belongs, more precisely, to the category of” social services” in addition to the health, recreational services.

Due to the fact that the state has been completely undertaking the task of production and promoting for culture and art until the beginning of 2000, the concept of the cultural industry is a modern concept that cannot be recognized clearly in the cultural policies but on a preliminary basis, as stated in the 10th Five-Year plan: supporting the private production of cinema sector and offering facilities to private banks to be a partner in the cinema industry.

As a result to the above-mentioned, opportunities are not being offered in Syria to train professionals of the cultural industries neither rehabilitation programs. The wide-spread concept is the concept of” Learning be doing” as young specialized have been working during the last years on improving their skills through practical experience and contact with foreign bodies.

Chapter published: 06-05-2016