Morocco/ 8.3 Arts and cultural education  

8.3.1 Institutional overview

The teaching of the arts in higher education is sponsored by the MoC at the following institutions:

The Higher Institute of Dramatic Art and Cultural Promotion

A national institute specialising in the formation, study, and research of all dramaturgical fields, the institution was established pursuant to Decree No. 283706 (18 January, 1985). It operates under the MoC. The Foundation provides its students with:

  • Basic formation: representation in theatre, television, and cinema
  • Supplementary formation: stage direction, playwriting, theatrical management
  • Basic formation: scenography, decor and stage techniques
  • Supplementary formation: puppetry, clothing, lighting,  audio

In 2012, about 83 students studied in this institute. The institute is staffed by 44 professors, 22 non-essentials and 11 employees. To rid itself of the pedagogical burden placed on its shoulders, the MoCallocated MD 1.6 million for the institute in 2012. 

As of 2013 the Ministry of Culture would seek to achieve a pedagogic rearrangement through the election of heads of sections, and continue restructuring the council to improve the Institute. The Ministry also, worked on presenting a joint draft decision with the Ministry of Economics and the Ministry of Finance during May, 2012, to rank the Institute as “A” among Institutions of Higher Education so that the Institute would be provided with administrative re-structuring along with other similar institutions. This would make room for the assignment of administrators to enforce standards and applied to these Institutions.  

The National Institute of Fine Arts in Tétouan (N.I.F.A)

This is the supreme institution for the formation of fine and applied arts. It was founded in 1947 as the National School of Fine Arts and upgraded to a higher institute in 1993. The Institute consists of two departments—art and design.

The art department includes colouration, painting, sculpture and graphic arts. The design department includes Alicharri, interior and industrial design.

An independent division for animated or photographed tapes has been created as well.

In 2012 the MoC allocated MD 983,000 to the institute. It was raised to  1,177,955 dirhams in 2013.

The National Institute for Archaeological Sciences and Heritage

The National Institute for the Sciences of Archaeology and Heritage is a MoC-affiliated foundation established pursuant to ministerial decree no. 2.83.705 (January 31, 1985, official gazette issue no. 3776, March 31, 1985). According to article 2 of the decree, the institute advances archaeology and heritage through field research and publications.

In 2012, the MoC allocated MD 1.2 million to the National Institute for Archaeological Sciences and Heritage.  In 2013 it was allocated 1,426,500 dirhams.

In addition to the MoC’s post-secondary cultural institutes, there are private institutes catering to the elite that teach visual arts, design, and fine art. Among these are the Higher Institute of Visual Arts in Marrakech, the Higher Institute of Design and Visual Arts in Casablanca, the Artcom Foundation for art applied to IT, and institutes for decoration and interior design.

The Ministry of National Education oversees art instruction in schools. Beginning in 1999, primary and middle schools began teaching fine arts, focusing on colouring, Arabic calligraphy and spatial dimensions perception.

Music instruction began in middle school in 1995, but a curriculum change in 2009 adopted a new philosophy of involving students in the practice of singing and listening.

Secondary schools have also begun teaching artistic culture, a theoretical subject designed to give students information about the most important developments and terminology in music, composition, and theatre.

However, unfortunately, at the beginning of the academic season of 2014 / 2015, the Ministry of National Education had to cancel some cultural and technical programs for secondary schools.

Some art education initiatives are undertaken by cultural associations and the Ministry of Youth and Sports, but they remain informal initiatives without a clear philosophy.

The High Institute for Audio-visual Professions and Cinema in Rabat has announced an initiative for students of film education, which began in October, 2012. An updated decree was published for the institute in the official gazette on 15 March, 2012. The Ministry has also announced, through the national paper and on its website, the organisation of a competition to recruit eight assistant professors of higher education in some of the following specialties: sound, production, directing, photography, dramatic writing.

Chapter published: 05-05-2016