Morocco/ 7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure  

7.1 Cultural infrastructure: tendencies & strategies

Re-Allocation of Public Responsibilities

Institutional organisation and management mechanisms of cultural affairs in Morocco underwent three main stages since independence:

  • The search for self-discovery, which led to the creation of the MoC in the early 1960s.

  • Formulation of the necessary laws to organisationally, promotionally and productively structure cultural development. The MoC played a key role in this stage, which lasted until the 1990s.

  • Citizen participation and integration into cultural life. This began in the early 2000s with the creation of the MoC as a government institution tasked with outlining the appropriate mechanisms to transform cultural development into an economic sector akin to the country’s other areas of development.

Four years after the Ministry of Cultural Affairs was replaced by the MoC in 2002, a decree was issued pertaining to the MoC’s jurisdictions and organisation (Decree 2.06.328, 10 Nov., 2006, published in the official gazette L 2.06.328 on 10 Nov., 2006). According to this decree the MoC retained the same general jurisdictions of its predecessor but was to dedicate more attention to the organisation of administrative affairs by creating a special national directorate.

This new directorate was assigned to manage the Ministry's human resources by identifying needs, elaborating development programs—particularly in the field of training—and reviewing the allocation of responsibilities on national, regional and local levels by conferring greater authority to decentralised departments on project management and implementation beginning in 2007.

A new, results-based approach was adopted for drawing up the MoC’s budget. They adopted a comprehensive accounts system and designed specific indicators to measure the successfulness of programs and projects. To better hold the MoC accountable, budget items were reviewed to ensure that they met the MoC’s stated objectives of  updating management, decentralising cultural policies, protecting and reviving the country's cultural heritage, and promoting book-reading and arts (Chapter 2, Table 6 for diagrammatic evidence of the extent to which this directorate shaped the current MoC’s structure).

In an attempt to promote the decentralisation of cultural management, regional directorates were created by virtue of ministerial decision 1007.06, 11 Nov., 2006, published in the official gazette issue no. 5486, 28 Dec., 2006. (Morocco is divided into 16 administrative regions. See Chapter 2, Table 7).

These regional directorates are assigned to elaborate, activate, and implement MoC regional cultural policy by investing in the country's cultural and artistic heritage, raising the value of cultural products and encouraging all forms of cultural practice. They are also assigned to help formulate and implement a new regional cultural and artistic strategy, and supervise all cultural development within their jurisdictions unless otherwise stipulated by legal provision (i.e. cultural workers affiliated with local or private groups).

These reforms are geared towards modernising cultural management and governance by developing its departments from the central to the provincial and rehabilitating the financial, HR and logistical dimensions of cultural institutions.  To this end, MD 151.7 million (23.1%) was earmarked from the MoC’s general budget in 2009 (see Table 5.6), out of which MD 16.3 million was allocated to regional directorates, averaging nearly MD 1 million for each directorate. As funds are gradually allocated to regional directorates, many complications related to centralised financial management are vanishing.

Institutions affiliated with the MoC (INSAP and ISADAC) have influenced the level of training and scientific research in universities. Pursuant to Law 00.01 in 2008, which reformed the university system, Moroccan universities have implemented administrative independence and new pedagogy for institutional management. 

Chapter published: 05-05-2016