Morocco/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.9 Language laws

The preamble to the Moroccan constitution [45] for the year 2011 stipulates that Arabic is the official language of the country. But Morocco is de facto characterised by its linguistic diversity, originating from various sources such as Amazigh, Saharan, African and Andalusi. All these played their part to shape and enrich the unique Moroccan identity.

In an effort to reinforce the deeply-rooted foundation of Moroccan culture, all active political, union and civil society bodies joined forces to adopt a unified language policy that takes into consideration the linguistic and cultural heritage of the country.

As a result, the National Covenant for Education and Training came into existence at the beginning of the 21st century, based on including Amazigh in the country's educational system, among other initiatives.

In this context, the Royal Institute for Amazigh Culture [39] was created in 2001, and the Mohammed the Sixth Academy for Arabic Language [27] was created by virtue of law [27] in 2003.

The regulations of the National Company for Radio and TV stipulate that the official TV and radio stations shall include programs in Amazigh and colloquial Moroccan. In addition, an Amazigh spoken TV station was scheduled to be launched by the government by the end of 2010, with a total cost of MD 5 million.

Chapter published: 05-05-2016