Morocco/ 3. Competence, decision-making and administration  

3.1 Organisational structure (organigram)

Historical Overview

The structure of modern culture in Morocco has experienced many transitions. In 1912, a service was created under the French-Spanish protectorate to preserve antiquities and fine arts. In 1921, this service was expanded into the General Directorate of Public Education, Fine Arts and Antiquities, which continued to function until independence. From the end of 1955 until the late 60s, fine arts and antiquities belonged to different ministries. In 1974, they became an independent ministry called the Ministry of Cultural Affairs. In 2002 it became the Ministry of Culture (MoC). The MoC is now the government institution that organises cultural affairs in Morocco.[1]



Table 3.1 The Chronology of Creation of the Cultural Institutions in Morocco

Period

Institution

1912-1955

Service of Antiquities and Fine Arts and Antiquities (Official Gazette, N° 5, 20/11/ 1912)

General Directorate of Public Education, Fine Arts and Antiquities (OG N° 473, 8/3/1921)

1955-1956

Ministry of National Education and Fine Arts (OG N° 2252, 23/12/ 1955)

1956-1963

Ministry of News, Tourism and Fine Arts (OG number 2538, 16/6/1961)

Ministry of Tourism, Traditional Industry and Fine Arts (OG N° 2624, 8/2/1963)

1963-1965

Ministry of News, Tourism, Fine Arts and Traditional Industry (OG N° 2665, 22/11/1963)

1965-1968

Ministry of National Education, Fine Arts, Youth and Sport (OG N° 2746, 16/6/1965)

Ministry of National Education and Fine Arts (OG N° 2853, 5/7/1967)

1968-1971

State Ministry for Cultural Affairs and Basic Education (OG N° 2930,  25/12/ 1968)

1971-1974

Ministry of Culture, Higher, Secondary and Basic Education and Capacity Building (OG N° 3068, 18/8/1971)

Ministry of Culture, Basic, Higher and Secondary Education (OG N° 3103,  29/4/1972)

Ministry of Endowments and Islamic affairs, and Culture (OG N° 3138,  20/12/1972)

1974-1981

State Ministry for Cultural Affairs (OG N° 3209,  1/5/1974, OG N° 3389,  12/10/1977, OG N°3466,  4/4/1979)

1981-2000

Ministry of Cultural Affairs (OG number 3603, 18/11/1981, OG N°3710, 7/12/1983, OG N° 3785,  15/5/1985, OG N° 4164, 1992, OG N° 4229, 1993, OG N° 4259, 1994, OG N° 4296 repeated, 3/3/ 1995, OG N° 4509,  18/8/1997, OG N° 4571, 23/3/1998)

2000-2002

Ministry of Culture and Information (OG N° 4829, 11/9/2000)

From 2002 to present

Ministry of Culture (MoC) (OG N° 5055,  11/11/2002, OG N°5220,  10/6/ 2004, OG N° 5570,  18/102007)

 


Institutional System of the Ministry of Culture (MoC)

Introduction

The above table shows that funding for culture in Morocco—from creation to the late sixties—was restricted to organising fine arts and preserving heritage. However, in the 13 years after independence, preserving fine arts and antiquities was handled by sub-sectors of different government agencies. This confusion (which lasted until 1968) suggests that young Morocco saw culture purely as a means of attracting tourists, not as a catalyst for economic and social development. During the 1960s, Morocco witnessed significant development across literature and the arts. Contemporaneously, there emerged a generation highly affected by Western culture, which did not conform to Morocco’s political system at that time. In order to maintain nationalism among the more Westernised generation, Moroccan authorities, created a unique institution to supervise cultural life and activities. That institution—the Ministry of Cultural Affairs—was introduced during the King’s 1968 speech. From 1974 to 2000, many cultural laws and regulations were issued at different levels, especially by the Ministry of Cultural Affairs (discussed in Chapter 5). During this period, cultural organisational policy was established.


Administrative Structure of the MoC

MoC’s organisation as stipulated by Prime Ministerial Decree (OG N° 5386, 12/1/ 2006). 

 

 

 

 


Decentralised Services

The MoC’s decentralised services include directorates to each of Morocco’s 16 regions (OG N°4470, 3/4/1997). These directorates act as central management divisions providing central management services. Each directorate has a ministerial delegate charged with managing the budget allocated to it. Table 3.3 shows the distribution of these directorates and their affiliated services.

 

Regional Directorate of Culture

Affiliated Services

Regional Directorate of Culture in Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer

(Region 1)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

-Department of Archeological Sites in Shala and Audaia.

- Inspectorate of Historical Buildings.

- New Sale House of Culture.

- National Institute of Music and Choreographic Arts.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Greater Casablanca

(Region 2)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Inspectorate of Historical Buildings and Sites in the Region.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Meknès-Tafilalet

(Region 3)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Department of Dar Al Jameei Museum in Meknes.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Al Rashedia.

- Department of Archaeological site in Wlili

- Inspectorate of Historical Buildings and Sites in the Region.

- Moulai Idrees Zarhon House of Culture.

- Al Malhon Heritage Studies and Research Centre.

- Mohammed Al Mnouni House of Culture.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen

(Region 4)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

-Department of Archeological Sites in Bansa and Tamosida.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Oriental Region

(Region 5)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Al Nadour.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra

(Region 6)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Bou-Jdour.

- Hassaniya Studies and Research Centre.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate

(Region 7)

- Service of Administrative and Financial affairs.

- Service of Cultural affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Al Hoceima.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz

(Region 8)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Semara.

- Department of Dar Sieed Museum in Marrakech.

- Inspectorate of Historical Buildings and Sites in the Region.

- Al Dawoudyat  House of Culture in Marrakech.

 

Regional Directorate of Culture in Tangier-Tétouan

(Region 9)

- Service of Administrative and Financial affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Semara.

- Department of Lixos Archaeological site in Al Araesh.

- Inspectorate of Historical Buildings and Sites in the Region.

- Andalusia Studies and Research Centre.

- Public Library and Archives in Tetouan.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Tadla-Azilal

(Region 10)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira

(Region 11)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Guelmim-Es Semara

(Region 12)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Tata.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Al Chaouia-Ouardigha

(Region 13)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Khribka.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Fès-Boulemane

(Region 14)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Inspectorate of Historical Buildings and Sites in the Region.

- Al Bathaa Museum in Fès.

- Al Qorawiyin Library in Fès.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Doukkala-Abda

(Region 15)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Asfi.

Regional Directorate of Culture in Souss-Massa-Draâ

(Region 16)

- Service of Administrative and Financial Affairs.

- Service of Cultural Affairs.

- Regional Commission of Culture in Warzazat.

 

 


[1]  For more details about different organisational formats of culture in Moroccan history, see Table 1. The information listed in the table is based on data published in the official gazette (OG).

[2]  Each of the mentioned numbers of the official gazette indicates either a new government or a reshuffling of the cultural sector involved.

 

 


Chapter published: 05-05-2016


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