Lebanon/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.6 Labour laws

Workers in culture-related fields in Lebanon are not covered by any special law but are subject only to the Labor Law of 1946. This Law was amended several times, the last of which in 2000. However, at the end of 2008 a law governing all art professions was issued and terms related to works of art were defined in the fields of music, theatre, literature, plastic arts, traditional artworks, audio-visual works, performing arts and advertising.

An article in the said law confirms that it applies on artists, their unions, associations and the mutual-aid funds created pursuant to its provisions, while observing the other laws and regulations in force. Hence the artists unions, regulated by this law, were affiliated to the Ministry of Culture instead of the Ministry of Justice as stipulated in article 8: "The Ministry of Labor shall be replaced by the Ministry of Culture concerning all jurisdictions specified in the Labor Law and Decree 7993 of 1952 as regards the trade unions of artists, including those related to establishment, control and dissolution decisions.".

The said law also applies on workers in the fields of culture and arts in the private sector. Employees at the Ministry of Culture on the other hand shall fulfill, pursuant to the law governing the Ministry of Culture, the conditions of paragraph 1 of article 11 of Decree 112/59 (Employees Rules), which applies on public sector employees: "Category II: Employees may be hired in the staff of the Ministry of Culture by virtue of a competition conducted based on title pursuant to the laws and regulations in force. Category III employees and candidates from outside the staff may enter this competition and all candidates, whether from inside or outside the staff, shall possess the necessary educational qualifications according to each job".

Pursuant to the same law, "The Ministry of Culture may, after the entry into force of the law, fill category III vacancies in its staff (General Directorate for Cultural Affairs and General Directorate for Antiquities) who fulfill the appointment conditions, with the exception of the conditions of age and competition, via contracting according to the laws and regulations in force subject to the approval of the Civil Service Council, provided that the number of contracted employees shall not exceed 5% of the number of jobs specified in the staff of the mentioned category".

Chapter published: 07-04-2016