Lebanon/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.5 Language issues and policies

The Lebanese Constitution states Arabic as the official language in institutions and schools. Lebanon is also a Francophone state due to adopting the French as a second language beside other spoken languages (Armenian, Assyrian, Byzantine and others). Article 11 of Chapter 3, teaching languages, of Decree 9099 dated 8/1/1968, which determines the stages and objectives of general education, states (this article was amended in Decree 3375 dated 19/8/1986): "it is compulsory to teach at least one of the following languages: French, English or German in addition to the Arabic in the four education stages mentioned in Article 1 of this Decree". Article 12 states that "Any of the two foreign languages stipulated in the previous Article of this Decree may be replaced by one of the other world's cultural languages, provided that a decree is issued by the council of Ministers upon proposal by the minister of National Education and after dissolving the committee stipulated in Article 6 of this Decree”.

Chapter published: 07-04-2016