Jordan/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.10 Gender equality and cultural policies

The Ministry of Culture started a project on community culture in 2005, and one of its most important priorities was research on gender issues and spreading a culture of equality through practical programs that travel across the provinces of the Kingdom. But the project stopped after the change of the cabinet at the time. The Ministry has not adopted a similar project concerning women’s issues and gender equality rights which was guaranteed by the Constitution of Jordan. But there is a gap between the laws and social practices which require the development of a cultural organisation by the official Establishment with long-term strategic planning. "The National Commission for Woman" was established for such programs on gender and women’s rights and it issues a magazine specialising in the new feminist culture.


There remains a cultural role assigned to the Ministry as a sponsor of the socio-cultural values prevailing to commence programs and policies that promote the values of equality and equal opportunities between the sexes. On the other hand, within the Ministry we notice that there exist equal opportunities for employment and positions between the sexes.


Various civil society organisations adopt cultural awareness programs that promote values of equality and equal opportunity between the sexes. The most active of these organisations may be "The International Institute for Women’s Solidarity", which adopts socio-cultural policies, and builds a close relationship with civil society, as well as with institutions such as the "Women’s Union".


The tables below are the latest statistics of the National Committee for Women’s Affairs, which outlines the attendance and participation rates of women in the sectors of education, labour and participation in public life.


Education

               Index

Year

Percent

Illiteracy rate among women (15 years and over).

2011

9.9%

Percentage of female students in primary education.

2011-12

48.9%

Percentage of female students in academic secondary education.

2011-12

54.7%

Percentage of female students enrolling in bachelor degree programs at Jordanian universities.

2011-12

51.3%

Percentage of female students enrolling in Jordanian society colleges.

2011-12

56.6 %

 

               Index

Year 

Percent

Percentage of female workers working for wages in both public and private structures.

2011

35.3%

Unemployment rate among women (15 years and over).

2012

19.9%

Women’s raw economic participation ratio to population (labour force to population). 

2012

9.2%

Women’s revised economic participation ratio (labour force to population, 15 years and over).

2012

14.1%

Percentage of female managers to total labour force.

2012

1.6%

Percentage of female self-employed workers to total women.

2012

2.0%

Percentage of women working for wages to total workers.

2012

95.9%

Percentage of female workers in government institutions. 

2011

41.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labour Force

Participation in public life

Index

Year

Percent

Female participation in Parliament (Senate and House of Representatives).

2011

16.2%

Female participation rate in Chief Justice Dept. 

2011

0 %

Female participation rate in legislators’ posts, senior management and specialised management – public sector.

2011

17.8%

Female participation rate in legislators’ posts, senior management and specialised management – public and private sectors.

2011

22.8%

Female participation in:

 

 

- Syndicates

2008

22.7%

- Ministerial Corps

2008

14.3%

- Political Parties

2008

27.8%

- Municipal Councils

2008

27.4%

 

 

Statistics are from:

The Jordanian Annual Statistical Book 2012, General Statistics Department, Jordan.
Jordanian women index tables, used the 2008 Gender Index for both education and high education issued by the Jordanian National Committee for Women’s Affairs. (www.women.jo)


Chapter published: 04-05-2016


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