8.4.2 Cultural houses and community cultural clubs
According to the "Volunteers' Survey" 2009 (a survey conducted every 5 years), about 5.2 percent of citizens volunteer in the field of culture, e.g. in associations and cultural institutions, thus contributing towards the supply of affordable cultural programmes and broadening the opportunities to participate in various cultural activities. Cultural associations are the main providers of amateur arts. In the area of amateur music alone, 4.6 million persons are active.
The socio-cultural centres play a very important role in providing low threshold access to culture. In Germany there are more than 500 socio-cultural centres. According to the survey of the Bundesvereinigung Soziokultureller Zentren in 2013, 89 000 events, workshops and programmes were offered by the socio cultural centres – that were used by 9.5 million people. The centres' activities reach people of all ages: nearly a quarter is under 20 years old, while more than 10% are over 60 years old. The sociocultural centres are also based on civic commitment; around 14 000 of more than 25 000 people working at sociocultural centres are volunteer employers (corresponding to 56%). The total income of the centres is 144 million EUR. The amount of public funding from the local authorities is 36%, with 11 % provided by the states and 3% from the federal level. The public expenditure per visit is 6.54 EUR (compared to 109.54 EUR in public theatres).