Germany/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.1 Aggregated indicators

Main source of the presented data in this chapter are the monitoring reports on cultural funding (Kulturfinanzbericht) from 2003, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014 (Cultural Finance Report 2003, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014) published by the Federal Statistical Office and the statistical offices of the federal states (Länder) accompanied by the Working group of Cultural Statistics with representatives from the Association of German Cities and Towns, the Federal Commission of the Affairs of Culture and Media and two ministries of culture of the federal states.

According to the monitoring reports the public cultural expenditure by public authorities (federal level (Bund), federal states (Länder) and municipalities developed as followed:7.49 billion EUR (1995), 8.23 billion EUR (2000), 8.04 billion EUR (2005), 8.46 billion EUR (2007), 9.14 billion EUR (2009) and 9.49 billion EUR (2012). The per capita developed from 91.76 EUR (1995), 100.19 EUR (2000), 97.46 EUR (2005), 102.84 EUR (2007), 111.60 EUR (2009), 115.03 EUR (2011), 115.89 (2012 – according to preliminary results. The percentage share of public expenditure (all public budgets) attributable to cultural expenditure in the gross domestic product thus developed from 0.41 (1995) to 0.40 (2000), 0.35% (2005 and 2007) to 0.38% (2009) and to 0.36 (2011 and 2012).

The percentage of expenditures by the federal level stood in the period of 1995 and 2012 between 11.9 % (2000) and 13.8 % (2012 according to preliminary results), those of the federal states for the same period between 30.3 % (2012 according to preliminary results) and 45.1 % (1995) und those of the municipalities between (42.3% (1995) und 45.9 % (2012 – according to preliminary results).

According to the Cultural Finance Report 2014, the federal states (Länder) spent a total of 3.94 billion EUR in 2011. The evolution of expenditures of the federal states (Länder) differed: while the 8 former West German non-city states increased their expenditures from 2005 to 2011 to 18.6 % (corresponding per capita from 73.46 EUR to 87.48 EUR), thus the 5 former East German non-city states (including Berlin) increased only by 10.2 % (whereas per capita from 111.81 EUR to 128.61 EUR) and in the city-states by 11.8 % (2005 per capita: 153.62 EUR, decreased in 2006 149.43 EUR and increased again 2011 167.71 EUR).

The municipalities in 2011 spent a total of 4.215 billion EUR, with a per capita average of 52.13 EUR. Notable increases can be recognised, with the per capita expenditure in 2001 at 40.30 EUR. The per capita expenditure by metropolis with more than 500 000 inhabitants in 2011 was 144.18 EUR compared to larger scale cities with less than 20 000 inhabitants with 19.53 EUR.


Chapter published: 12-09-2016


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