France/ 8.3 Arts and cultural education  

8.3.4 Higher arts education and professional training

The higher arts and culture education is characterised by its institutional diversity, and is conducted by different private and public institutions and establishments. The Ministry of Culture is responsible for education in the fields of architecture, heritage, visual arts, performing arts, cinema and broadcasting. In certain domains, such as archaeology, books or arts management and administration for example, courses are held at universities. Private schools run courses in graphic arts, interior design, technical occupations of the performing arts, cinema and broadcasting, press, video games and multimedia.

In 2009, more than 600 establishments run higher education curricula in visual arts, theatre, dance, music, cinema, heritage, archaeology or architecture, 80 establishments more than in 1999 (+ 15.1%). 112 000 students are registered on these courses: 35.7% are registered in an establishment that is supervised by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, 23.2% by the Ministry of Culture and 18.4% by the Ministry of Education. The share of students registered in private institutions is higher in arts and cultural education (28.6%) than in the whole of higher education (17.3%).

In 2010-2011, the arts and cultural superior training supported by the Ministry of Culture operates in 125 institutions, in the following domains: visual arts, performing arts, architecture and landscape, heritage, cinema and broadcasting. These institutions welcome 34 000 students, nearly half of whom are registered in the schools of architecture and landscape, and nearly a third follow courses in the visual arts. Women represent 59% of the registered students. Most of the curricula and diplomas are compatible with the three-cycle framework of qualifications of the European Higher Education Area, in France: Licence-Master-Doctorat. In 2014, the occupational integration rate was good: 86 % of the graduates are employed three year after their graduation, which represents a slightly higher share than the whole graduates from higher education.

In 2009, 1.7% of the students registered at university follow an arts or cultural training course, that is 38 500 students. While the number of universities proposing at least one of these courses increased from 52 to 62 between 1999 and 2009, that is a 19.2% increase, the number of students decreased by 22.9%. In 2008, the Art+Université+Culture association lists about 300 artistic and cultural curricula at university level, leading to degree and master diplomas in the fields of fine arts, visual arts and decorative arts, performing arts and music, cinema, audiovisual, and broadcasting, arts and culture management and administration, history of art, archaeology and heritage. University education is distributed on the whole territory: in 2009, the Parisian universities served 24.4% of the students on these curricula.

Besides, about 175 public and private institutions propose, in 2010-2011, superior technical diplomas in many specialities of applied and decorative arts and crafts: interior design, decorative arts, ceramic arts and textiles, graphic arts and broadcasting technologies, etc.


Chapter published: 23-05-2017


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