France/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.6 Film, video and photography

  • the Cinema and Animated Images Code regulates the specific system of support to the French cinema and broadcasting industries: system of taxation / redistribution, regulation of competition, advocacy of diversity, etc. (see chapter 4.2.3); and
  • European Convention of 2 October 1992 on Cinematographic Co-production, signed by France on the 19 March 1993.

Examples of decrees relative to cinema:

  • Decree n° 90-174 of 23 February 1990 modified, on the classification of cinematographic works;
  • Decree n° 98-750 of 24 August 1998 modified, on financial support to the diffusion of certain cinematographic works in cinemas and on financial support to create and modernise cinemas;
  • Decree n° 99-130 of 24 February 1999 modified, on financial support to the cinema industry; and
  • Decree n° 2002-568 of 22 April 2002 modified, defining and classifying the establishment of auteur cinema (cinéma d'art et d'essai).

Photography pertains to:

  • Intellectual property rights: a photograph can be a creative work of the mind in the sense of article L. 112-2 2° of the Intellectual Property Code; and
  • Image rights: proceeding from article 9 of the Civil Code "Everyone has the right to respect for their privacy"; also articles 23 and 39bis of the law of 29 July 1881 on the Liberty of the Press, articles 226-1, 226-2 and 227-23 of Penal Code, etc.

Chapter published: 18-05-2017


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