Egypt/ 3. Competence, decision-making and administration  

3.2 Overall description of the system

MOC has high level of centralization in decision-making by the Minister and in staff selection at the MOC institutions and sectors regardless of their specialties or expertise and this was evident through several interviews conducted with a number of MOC officials. The current chairperson of the National Center for Theatre is specialized in cinema, and no person other than Ali Abu Shadi was appointed in Popular Culture. Centralization is also evident in the fact that the country’s main cultural activities are only concentrated in Cairo and Alexandria (table 1).

Until this day, the decision making process is still centralized in one person’s hand: the minister (or his office manager).

Managers and department heads do not have the power to make any financial or important decisions without approval from the centralized leadership.

Although some initiatives has been proposed lately to solve this issue, including the Minister’s “Muhammad Saber Arab” meeting in November 2012 with the SCC members, to discuss their council’s mission, he went back in April 2013 to meet with the General authorities and task them with many projects including literacy in Sinai.

In an interview with a member of the Management Board of the Islamic and Coptic Museum, it was found that there is no bylaw or regulations to govern the management boards of the country's museums and that the number of Islamic and Coptic Museum's management board members is around 75, some which are in prison for involvement in corruption cases, while others are outside the country and some are appointed by virtue of a nomination from the said Gen. Secretary and those have no relation whatsoever with the field of antiquities.[1]

There are no committees in charge of elaborating cultural policies, monitoring the number of visitors or formulating local or overseas tourist promotion plans in any management board.

In addition, there are certain centers and agencies with no clear role and were established specifically for certain people, such as the National Center for Translation despite the fact that a translation committee affiliated to the Council's Letters Section already exists.

Moreover, there are ministries, other than MOC, which are supposed to take part in formulating and implementing the country's cultural policies such as Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Ministry of Youth and Sport and its affiliated youth centers, Ministry of Awqaf and Ministry of Information.

However, the growing presence of members of the security forces in the Egyptian universities reduced the size of cultural activities and even emptied them from content, and the same applies to the youth centers where sports have become the main activity. The main contribution of the Ministry of Information on the other is forming the Egyptian mind; according to many studies, the main culturing tool for young people is TV (90.1%), followed by radio (75.9%) and then magazines (48.5%).[2]


Table 1
Source: Presidency of the council of ministers, Information and decision support center
http://www.egyptlib.net.eg/Site/Library/Library_Report.aspx

 

Number of libraries in 2009

Government

418

Cairo

96

Alexandria

5

6th October

32

Suez

77

Damietta

298

Al Dakahleya

96

Al Sharkeya

133

Kalyoubeya

43

Kafr El Sheikh

76

Al Gharbeya

89

Al Menoufeya

88

Al Beheira

51

Al Ismaileya

180

Giza

34

Bani Sueif

60

Al Fayoum

38

Menya

158

Assiout

34

Souhag

43

Quena

29

21.Aswan

15

Louxor

13

Red Sea

45

Al Wadi Al Gadid

12

Matrouh

23

North Sinai

12

South sinai

34

Port Said

16

Helwan

 

The total number of libraries in the year 2010 went up to 1150, and in 2011 the libraries number went up again to 1186. Based on the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics of Egypt, there hasn’t been any further updates to these numbers until 2014.

 

Table 2: 
Illustrates the statistics of cultural palaces and houses and the cultural associations 
http://www.capmas.gov.eg/nashrat6.htm

 

Comments

2008

2007

Palaces and associations

Decrease of 2.5%

428

439

Number of cultural palaces and houses

Increase of  0.3 %

7910

7887

Number of employees in the cultural palaces and houses

Decrease of  4.1%

47356

49405

Number of cultural activities (conferences, concerts, theatre, cinema, folklore, fine arts)

Decrease of  0.7%

4.017 million

4.047 million

Number of audience

Decrease of 0.6%

165

166

Number of cultural associations

Increase of  20.9%

3233

2675

Number of employees in the cultural associations

Increase of 4.7%

3643

3480

Number of activities in the cultural associations

Decrease of 19.0%

238 thousand

294 thousand

Number of audience

 

The following shows total number of palaces of culture and cultural associations in Egypt since 2008 and until the year 2013: 

Year

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

count of Palaces of culture

428

432

539

544

559

560

566

count of Cultural associations

165

159

140

158

121

134

134



[1] Interview with Dr. Haggagui Ibrahim, Management Board Member of the Islamic and Coptic Museum
[2] Violation of Cultural Rights: Dr. Abdul Khaleq Farouk.


Chapter published: 01-04-2016


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